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Vortrag: Pavel Baloun "Schlachtet sie alle!" - Die kollektive Gewalt und Dynamik der Anti-Roma-Maßnahmen in der Tschechoslowakei und danach 1918-1942

Ein Vortrag von Pavel Baloun zu Antiziganismus.
24.10.2017  |  18:00  -  21:15   |  

Das Wiener Wiesenthal Institut für Holocaust-Studien (VWI) veranstaltet im Rahmen der Reihe VWI goes to... einen Vortrag von Herrn Pavel Baloun (Karlsuniversität Prag), Historiker, derzeit Junior Fellow des VWI, der am 24. Oktober um 18 Uhr zum Thema "Schlachtet sie alle!" - Die kollektive Gewalt und Dynamik der Anti-Roma-Maßnahmen in der Tschechoslowakei und danach 1918-1942 in englischer Sprache vortragen wird. Vortragsort: Wiener Wiesenthal Institut für Holocaust-Studien (VWI), Research Lounge, 3rd floor.

Rabensteig 3, 1010 Vienna

 

Pavel BALOUN

“Slaughter them all!”
Collective Violence and the Dynamic of Anti-Gypsy Measures in Czechoslovakia and After, 1918–1942


On 14 July 1927, the Parliament of the First Czechoslovak Republic in Prague passed the Act No. 117/1927 on Wandering Gypsies and Similar Vagrants. This law was created after two major tri-als against criminals of Roma origin in 1927. The first took place in Písek (Southern Bohemia) and encompassed a group of bandits, former deserters from the Austro-Hungarian army. The second held in Košice (Slovakia) was a case of several murders and alleged cannibalism by a group of Ro-ma men from Moldava and Bodvou. Just one year after the law passed in the Czechoslovak Parlia-ment, a crowd of supposedly 70 citizens of Pobedim, a village 30 kilometres north of Piešťany in Slovakia, attacked a local Roma community, damaged their houses, killed seven Roma including small children, and wounded at least 20 Roma. During the interwar period, several other cases of collective anti-Roma violence occurred in Czechoslovakia

Violence played a significant, however not yet fully investigated, role in the process of creating and implementing anti-Gypsy measures in interwar Czechoslovakia as well as in Europe. In the presenta-tion, I will focus on the case of an anti-Roma pogrom in Pobedim in 1928. Based on the analysis of the pogrom, its aftermath, and the implementation of the Czechoslovak Law on Wandering Gypsies and Similar Vagrants in the region of Nové Mesto and Váhom, I will reconstruct the dynamic of the enforcement of anti-Gypsy measures in Czechoslovakia and shed new light on the Holocaust of Ro-ma and Sinti in the Czech lands and in Slovakia.

Commented by Gerhard BAUMGARTNER


Pavel Baloun is a Junior Fellow at the VWI and a PhD candidate in historical anthropology at the Faculty of Humanities, Charles University. Recently, he is collaborating with the Terezín Initiative In-stitute in Prague on the project Database of the Roma Holocaust Victims in the Czech lands.

Gerhard Baumgartner is Director of the Documentation Centre of the Austrian Resistance, co-author of two monographs edited by the Austrian Historikerkommission about “Aryanisation” in Burgenland, Amstetten, Baden, Hollabrunn, Horn, Korneuburg, Krems, Neunkirchen, St. Pölten, Stockerau, Tulln, Waidhofen a.d. Thaya (Wien 2004), project leader of the project “Name-Database of Austrian Holo-caust Victims among the Roma and Sinti”, and author of The Fate of the European Roma and Sinti During the Holocaust, Wien/Paris 2013.

Mehr Informationen: Website des VWI

Illustration des Pogroms von Pobedim (1928)
Illustration des Pogroms von Pobedim (1928)
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